Prior to speaking about just how the fire hose was designed, we may need to know exactly how our forefathers discharged fire countless years back. Assuming that humans will naturally understand just how to produce fire as soon as they create a fire.
Before the innovation of pipelines and also pipes, people essentially brought water with their hands to snuff out fires, but only tiny fires, such as cooking fires.
Our forefathers promptly recognized that they needed something like a container to hold even more water when combating a bigger fire. For that reason, this understanding brought to life the cow intestine bag, a bag made from cow intestinal tract in 400 BC, and also is considered the earliest fire dealing tool. People simply stepped on the bag packed with water, hoping that the water jet from the bag might snuff out the fire.
This is what truly took place in ancient Greece. Individuals attached one end of a cow’s intestinal tract to a bladder full of water. As defined by the Greek author Apollodorus, the water in the bladder moves through the long intestines of the cow when it is pressed and also is directed to “a high place revealed to warm darts”.
It is believed that the first so-called “fire tube” was invented around 1673 by Jan van der Heyden, a painter, glass painter, draftsman as well as printmaker from the Dutch Baroque age, with the help of his son. These leather-stitched pipes are 50 feet long and also have actually given that ended up being standard sizes.
This distance in between firefighters as well as the fire source is most ideal for them to a lot more accurately and also efficiently direct the water circulation to a close fire site.
Not surprisingly, Jan van der Heyden wrote a celebratory book called Brandspuitenboek, which actually implies a “fire water pipe book”, which contains a copy of the fire that was submitted to the city of Amsterdam in 1690. record. It is considered a seminal operation in the background of fire protection, due to the fact that a multitude of fires is videotaped in detail in Amsterdam because 1651 in this report.
As early as the very early 19th century, fire hydrants, water tanks, and also reservoirs were frequently used for fire combating, as well as nozzles at that time were crucial to boosting water circulation. Later on, all fire hose pipes had the trouble of water leak, since the leather joints constantly leaked, and also as time passed, the leather could not quit itself from dripping. To make issues worse, the hose pipe ruptured as a result of the overpressure triggered by the pump acting upon the vessel.
When rivets are made use of to firmly fix the thickest part (or back) of the cowhide, the leak problem of the pipe is solved to a specific extent. You can likewise eat cake. Rivets make the hose pipe heavier and increase the work of firemen.
For example, a 40-50 foot long hose might evaluate up to 85 extra pounds. Today’s normal fire pumps can carry a 1,200-foot (366-meter) rubber-lined hose with a size of 2.5 inches (64 mm) in no more than a king-size bed. For firefighters dealing with natural leather hoses, this can be a better problem. The upkeep job is an additional headache for firemen, who must consistently treat natural leather hose pipes with fish oil or whale oil to safeguard them.
It was not till James Boyd made an application for a license for rubber cellular lining and braided jacket fire tubes in 1821 that an extra easy-to-use light fire tube showed up. At that time, the vulcanization process was utilized to make rubber hose pipes strengthened with cotton towel.
After years of enhancement, the fire pipe has actually come to be “contemporary” or what it is currently. Its jacket is made of polyester woven thread, which is immune to mold and mildew, mold, and abrasion.